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Mouflon Sheep

The Mouflon Sheep is a subspecies group of a wild sheep. Populations of these wild sheep can be partitioned into the mouflons, and urials or arkars. The mouflon is thought to be one of the two ancestors for all modern domestic sheep breeds. Mouflon sheep have a red-brown short-haired coat with a dark back-stripe, light colored saddle patch. The males are horned; some females are horned while others lack horns. The horn is curved in almost one full revolution. Today, Mouflon Sheep inhabit the Caucasus, northern Iraq, and northwestern Iran. Originally, the range stretched further to Anatolia, the Crimean peninsula, and the Balkans, where they had already disappeared 3,000 years ago. Their habitat is steep mountainous woods near the tree line. In winter, they migrate to lower altitudes. Since the 1980’s, Mouflon Sheep have also been successfully introduced into game ranches in North America for the purpose of hunting; however, in game ranches pure breeds are rare as mouflon interbreed with domestic sheep.